READING A NEWS ARTIKEL IS SO MOIL, MOIL
headway, MAKE HEADWAY AGAINST THE TALIBAN, progress.
hefty, HEFTY CHANLLENGES, quite heavy and large, marked by bigness, bulk, and unusual strength.
goading, urge, motive
insurgent, rebell, INSURGENT SAFE HAVENS.
cautious, careful, CAUTIOUS OPTIMISM
isolated security successes, not frequent or general.
overarching progress, 一揽子计划
all the dynamics that are enabling the insurgency remain. dynamics, social forces.
push back, beat back, beat off, brush off.
put afghan soldiers in the lead on security
the insurgency’s momentum has been halted.
it has been the bloodiest year since western forces ousted the Taliban in 2001.
afghan civilians bear the biggest brunt of the confilict as insurgents expand form thraditional strongholds into once peaceful areas.
fiscal drain, 财政消耗
westernd suspicions that president hamid karzai has failed to crack down on corrupt officials have helped widen a rift with the afghan leader. rift, 裂痕
aid efforts, pverty and illiteracy
overhaul a year ago
undermine the gains made on security，暗中破坏
pressure to go after militants operations in border areas, goad
border sanctuary, 避难所
willingness to allow the strategy some more time, willingness, 自愿，乐意